A blood clot (a blockage) occurs in a deep vein, which is known as deep vein thrombosis (DVT). These clots most often form in the veins of the leg, but they may also form in other areas of the body. A DVT is a medical emergency, but if you think you or a loved one has one, get medical help right away. At the age of 39, news reporter David Bloom died of a DVT in 2003. It’s a good idea to get to know the signs and risk factors because understanding them might save your life.Do you want to learn more? Visit Greenbelt DVT treatment.
Factors that are at risk
A individual who has been inactive for a long time is more likely to develop DVT. This may occur on a long trip, when in a brace, during treatment, or even while in the hospital for another purpose. Varicose veins * Blood clotting diseases * Family history of DVT or clotting disorders * Heart failure * Obesity * Chronic leg swelling * Dehydration * Birth Control are some of the other contributing factors. * Estrogen-containing pills * Hormone replacement medication * Pregnancy/new delivery * Smoking * Age (over 40) * Trauma * Recent procedure
The higher a person’s probability of having a DVT, the more risk factors they have. However, everyone can get a DVT, even though they don’t have all of these risk factors.
Symptoms are what you’re looking for.
Calf tenderness, stiffness, heating, and/or redness of the leg are the most prominent warning signs. Other patients with DVT, on the other hand, have no signs or just slight leg pain.
A pulmonary embolism is a major complication of DVT that may result in death. This occurs as a clot in the leg bursts off and spreads to the lungs. Shortness of breath * Chest pressure * Tightness of chest * Coughing up blood are both symptoms of a pulmonary embolism.
Harm to the vein from the blood clot is another complication with a DVT, and may cause persistent swelling, discomfort, and discoloration of the leg.
Diagnosis For a specialist, it may be difficult to make a diagnosis, particularly when the signs are unclear. Congestive heart disease or venous insufficiency may induce leg swelling. Tendonitis may be the source of calf tenderness. A specialist will prescribe scans to find a blood clot in the leg if a DVT is suspected. The venogram is the most precise method of diagnosis. A venogram is a procedure that entails injecting dye into a vein and taking photos to see whether it is blocked. A Duplex Ultrasound is a less invasive alternative. Duplex Ultrasound has surpassed venography as the most commonly employed procedure in the diagnosis of DVT due to its high sensitivity and precision. Duplex ultrasound is suitable for pregnant women and others who are allergic to the contract dyes used in venograms.
In the treatment of DVT, your doctor can suggest one of several choices. Anticoagulants such as heparin or coumadin can be used to thin the blood to avoid new clots from forming. Filters that can be surgically implanted into a broad vein to catch clots are now accessible. Swelling in the legs may be managed with compression stockings.